When they heard the word Quattro, petrolheads immediately thought of the German vehicle manufacturer, Audi. The name has been used since 40 years ago to mark the revival of all-wheel drive systems (All Wheel Drive) in Audi vehicles around the end of 1980. It contains a drive train system that combines the position of the engine in front, AWD and turbocharger. Until now, the wheel drive system has been patented by Audi as a special system that is added to a number of its car line-ups.
Technically, the distribution of the front and rear wheels varies. If the front wheels slip, or a cab is lost, power is transferred to the rear wheels. Make the vehicle keep going constantly by relying on power more efficiently.
If the car is lauched at high speed, this 4-wheel drive system helps keep the car stable. When the car drove 100 km, a sudden turn appeared, the Quattro was very helpful because all the wheels were moving. So there are no wheelspin symptoms like understeer or oversteer.
From 1980 to the end of 2009, Audi has produced 3.3 million vehicles with a quattro drive system or quattro drive train. The Quattro model range currently has more than 120 versions.
Various versions of the quattro have been created with developments in each of the latest manufacturers. The latest version that entered Indonesia is the Audi Q7 3.0 TFSI which was recently launched, translating up to IDR 1.39 billion off the road.
First Quattro Series
Although not in the sports car segment, the performance of the first Quattro passenger car is equipped with a five-cylinder inline engine. Count on a 2,144 cc SOHC system, complete with turbo induction and intercooled cooling. This composition is capable of spraying up to 197 hp with a torque of 285 Nm. This car is capable of racing 0-100 km / h in 7.1 seconds. Moreover, it is able to reach a top speed of 230 km / hour.
The Quattro was first exhibited at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1980. The four-ring logo manufacturer carries the Quattro coupe vehicle unit. Beyond expectations, their latest line-up was respected by the audience. AWD Quattro drive train technology usually used in jeep units can be applied to a more compact body.
Make no mistake, behind this more modern all-wheel drive technology is the result of Audi engineers Jörg Bensinger and Roland Gumpert. This technology was inspired when Europe, to be precise, Finland was experiencing winter in 1976. Just imagine, a car cannot be driven on slippery roads, apart from increasing traction to grip the road surface, it requires an abundance of power on the wheels. The first project was tested on a VW Iltis unit.
It is known that the name Quattro is a legend of the WRC rally homologation car in the media of the 1980s, which dominated the group-B class beating other well-known “race horses”. Armed with a 5 cylinder engine and All Wheel Drive drive, the Audi Quattro is almost unbeatable against its rivals. This inspired the manufacturer to dedicate the name Quattro to the Audi car drive system.
The Quattro wheel drive system is also present in its newest production line-up with an “entry level” electric car, the Audi e-tron 50 quattro. This Electronic Vehicle system comes from a 71 kWh battery and two electric motors that provide a mileage of up to 300 km. A 120kW charge can fill up to 80% in 30 minutes.
The engine composition results in battery efficiency without compromising vehicle performance. Even though it is an entry level, still rely on “e-quattro”, which is a four-wheel drive from an electric motor in each axle.
The total power from the electric motor reaches 308 hp and 540 Nm of torque. Acceleration claims for 0-100 km / h only takes 7 seconds. Top speed is 190 km / hour.
As an efficient electric SUV, the e-tron 50 only relies on the motion of the rear wheels depending on the situation. While the front wheel electric motor will provide power when needed.