Driving at high speed and maneuvering right-left by car is a fun thing for most automotive enthusiasts around the world. However, driving is not just about being able to reach high speeds and maneuver aggressively, right?
One of the points that is no less important in driving is the safety and security features of driving, where these features are always developing every day. Every car manufacturer continues to compete in innovating to achieve the optimal level of safety, in order to protect the lives of their consumers.
Talking about the safety features that exist in road legal cars , we have encountered various features that have become standard on new cars on the market, such as seat belts , airbags , rearview mirrors and others. Even some high end cars have inserted various additional features such as lane change assist , auto brake and lane keep assist .
But what about cars that are devoted to motorsport ? Special car arena of motorsport has a probability of an accident is much higher. Therefore, it is not surprising that the various safety features currently available in road legal cars are the result of the innovation of cars that participate in motorsport .
Roll Cage Safety Feature Innovation at Motorsport Events
Among the various safety feature innovations that have been adapted by road legal cars in motorsport cars , such as, rearview mirrors, seatbelt and disc brakes. Currently, one of the safety features of motorsport for high-performance road legal cars is also starting to be used, namely the roll cage .
The roll cage was first used in Formula 3 motorsport , in 1948 and became a mandatory feature when racing on the USAC Racing circuit in 1959. Not long ago this roll cage feature became mandatory in prestigious Formula 1 racing, after the issuance of regulations stipulating that every car that participates in the Formula 1 event is a car with a middle engine configuration.
Initially, the use of the roll cage in Formula 1 was actually not very significant due to the very low position of the roll cage , and did not really protect the driver when he rolled, to be precise on the driver’s head. So that in 1960 the roll cage feature was changed to a higher size and was installed by utilizing a roll over point on the car chassis which was considered to better protect the driver’s head.
the roll cage used in the Formula 1 arena, they may ask, is the roll cage used not too small considering that Formula 1 cars can go up to 360 kilometers / hour. Despite its minimalistic size, the roll cage on a Formula 1 vehicle is the strongest part of the entire car.
So that since 1971, the FIA (the international racing federation) has obliged the use of roll cages in Formula 1 events. Over time the roll cage has undergone new innovations and has produced a lighter and stronger roll cage for the safety needs of this prestigious motorsport event .
Roll Cage and Motorsport Event Safety
In addition to Formula 1, the motorsport rally is also a racing event that implements the roll cage feature . Considering that rally racing requires each racer to race on various types of terrain, the roll cage is very vital in maintaining the safety of the racer and the navigator.
The roll cage not only protects the driver in the event of a crash or roll, but also actually improves the car’s handling and performance as the roll cage can add value to the stiffness or stiffness of a rally car . This is a big advantage because in rally racing , besides having to finish the track in a fast time, the driver also has to keep his car on the track it should be.
WRC racer, Ott Tanak and his navigator managed to survive a terrible accident at the Monte Carlo Rally in early 2019 thanks to the roll cage attached to the car they were using.
The Hyundai Veloster N they were driving flew off the highway at a terrifying 180 kilometers per hour. Fortunately, Tanak and his navigator were able to get out of the car without serious injury.
Because of its optimal function in maintaining driver safety. Now the use of a roll cage is an obligation in all motorsport (car) events .
Roll Cage Application on Road Legal Cars
The application of a roll cage to road legal cars is common today. Either to add safety and handling performance or just as aesthetic value enhancer. However, you need to know that the roll cage has its own standards to at least avoid things such as car instability to a bent chassis due to wrong application.
The material used for the roll cage itself at least uses seamless iron with a diameter of 40, with a thickness of 2.5 inches (1.5 inches thickness is only used for aesthetic values). Roll cages on road legal cars also have various types ranging from 2-point, 4-point to 6-point roll cages or even custom according to your needs.
The number of points that will determine the number of roll cage mounts that are attached or joined to the car chassis.
It cannot be denied that the use of a roll cage on a car will add a sporty aesthetic value to your car. But it would be better not if it not only adds aesthetic value but also adds safety and handling performance to the car by using a proper roll cage with the right materials and mounts.